Many people have heard the phrase “varicose veins” tossed around in conversation, but few know the full story behind this medical phenomenon. Varicose veins are far more than raised areas on your legs. In fact, severe cases can lead to some serious medical problems. Consider a few key facts about varicose veins and what you can do to prevent or manage them.
What Are They?
Varicose veins Catonsville MD are superficial veins in the lower leg and midthigh that become noticeably dilated. These veins are generally related to the small and great saphenous veins, the primary vessels responsible for sending blood from your legs back to your heart. Varicose veins are raised above the level of surrounding areas of skin and are blue in color. When they become severe, treatment may be necessary to relieve the pressure on these blood vessels.
What Causes Them?
Varicose veins are the result of malfunctioning venous valves. These valves normally block blood from moving back down the leg. Valves may stop working properly for several reasons, including a previous instance of deep vein thrombosis. Unfortunately, these valve problems are also genetically heritable.
How Can You Prevent Them?
One way to help blood exit your legs as it should is to wear compression hosiery. This is often recommended for people going on long flights or those who are on their feet all day at work. Exercise can also help prevent varicose veins as muscle movement is what pushes blood superiorly in these vessels.
Can You Get Rid of Them?
Minor varicose veins generally do not require treatment and are likely permanent, though laser therapy may be helpful. When the problem becomes severe, surgeons can perform valvular reconstruction or laser ablation procedures.
Though many people may stress about varicose veins due to their appearance, avoiding this issue is an important health matter, as well. Be sure to stay active, wear compression hosiery when necessary, and visit your doctor with any concerns.