Laboratory Science

Among the various scientific disciplines, medical laboratory scientists have a fascinating role.  These professionals perform a wide variety of tasks which are vital to the practice of medicine. They work at their scientific and laboratory specialties Cedar Grove NJ to San Diego, CA helping to identify, treat and cure patients every day.  The different specializations in health care are reflected in laboratory scientists as well. Three different specialties in this field are hematology, immunology and microbiology.


Blood fulfills different roles in the human body. Primarily, it delivers oxygen to organs and tissues and transports carbon dioxide for disposal through the lungs. It also circulates hormones and helps the healing process of injuries. Laboratory scientists in this specialty analyze various blood cell types and their relationships by performing tests and examining samples and specimens. They also conduct research on blood born illnesses to create treatments and cures.


The human body’s defenses against various viruses, bacteria, environmental contaminants and infections constitute the majority of the immune system.  Laboratory scientists who specialize in this area use sophisticated equipment and procedures to study the immune system’s responses to pathogens. The types of medical conditions they might help with diagnosing and treating include rashes, some gastrointestinal disorders and other allergic reactions.


Microscopic organisms are often the culprit in all sorts of diseases and infections. Microbiologists use specialized laboratory equipment and techniques to identify microorganisms responsible for the infections. In some cases, the diagnosis of a medical condition can only be accomplished by identifying these organisms. Their work requires extensive knowledge about different viruses, bacteria and parasites. Another important area these scientists may contribute to is the development of new types of treatments and therapies for infections.

Laboratory scientists are a vitally important part of the medical community. They are a dedicated group of highly educated professionals who spend much of their lives studying microscopic menaces to health. By leveraging the use of powerful instruments, techniques and analysis, they help to save the lives of patients around the globe. 

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